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Protocolo de Kyoto [De la Convención Marco sobre el Cambio Climático]

Ratificado por los 33 países de América Latina y el Caribe, el Protocolo de Kyoto de la Convención Marco de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático entró en vigor en el 2005. El Protocolo establece metas vinculantes de reducción de las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero para los países industrializados, reconociendo que son los principales responsables de los elevados niveles de emisiones que hay actualmente en la atmósfera y bajo el principio de las responsabilidades comunes pero diferenciadas. 

Países

PaísEstado parte desde

03/11/1998

28/09/2001

09/04/1999

07/08/2000

26/09/2003

30/11/1999

23/08/2002

26/08/2002

30/11/2001

09/08/2002

30/04/2002

25/01/2005

12/02/2002

13/01/2000

30/11/1998

06/08/2002

05/10/1999

05/08/2003

06/07/2005

19/07/2000

28/06/1999

07/09/2000

18/11/1999

05/03/1999

27/08/1998

12/09/2002

08/04/2008

20/08/2003

31/12/2004

25/09/2006

28/01/1999

05/02/2001

18/02/2005

Destacados

Access to information (articles 10.b and 10.e)

Formulate, implement, publish and regularly update national programmes containing measures to mitigate climate change and measures to facilitate adequate adaptation to climate change. All Parties shall facilitate at the national level public awareness of, and public access to information on, climate change.

Knowledge and technology transfer (article 10.c)

All Parties shall cooperate in the promotion of effective modalities for the development, application and diffusion of, and take all practicable steps to promote, facilitate and finance, as appropriate, the transfer of, or access to, environmentally sound technologies, know-how, practices and processes pertinent to climate change, in particular to developing countries, including the formulation of policies and programmes for the effective transfer of environmentally sound technologies that are publicly owned or in the public domain and the creation of an enabling environment for the private sector, to promote and enhance the transfer of, and access to, environmentally sound technologies.