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Logo Convenio de Rotterdam

Convenio de Rotterdam Para la Aplicación del Procedimiento de Consentimiento Fundamentado Previo a Ciertos Plaguicidas y Productos Químicos Peligrosos Objeto de Comercio Internacional

El Convenio de Rotterdam, en vigor desde 2004,  tiene por objetivo promover la responsabilidad compartida y los esfuerzos conjuntos de las Partes en la esfera del comercio internacional de ciertos productos químicos peligrosos a fin de proteger la salud humana y el medio ambiente frente a posibles daños. El convenio establece un procedimiento de consentimiento previo informado (CPI) para la importación de productos químicos peligrosos. 

Países

PaísEstado parte desde

23/08/2010

11/06/2004

20/04/2005

18/12/2003

16/06/2004

20/01/2005

03/12/2008

13/08/2009

22/02/2008

30/12/2005

24/03/2006

04/05/2004

08/09/1999

19/04/2010

25/06/2007

26/09/2011

20/08/2002

04/05/2005

19/09/2008

18/08/2000

18/08/2003

14/09/2005

14/08/2012

29/10/2010

30/05/2000

16/12/2009

04/03/2003

19/04/2005

Destacados

Access to information (article 15.2)

Each Party shall ensure, to the extent practicable, that the public has appropriate access to information on chemical handling and accident management and on alternatives that are safer for human health or the environment than the chemicals listed in Annex III. 

Information and labelling (preamble, article 13)

The desire to ensure that hazardous chemicals that are exported, are packaged and labeled in a manner that is adequately protective of human health and the environment, consistent with the principles of the Amended London Guidelines and the International Code of Conduct of the FAO, is highlighted in the Convention.

 

Thus, without prejudice to any requirements of the importing Party, each Party may require that chemicals subject to environmental or health labeling requirements in its territory are, when exported, subject to labeling requirements that ensure adequate availability of information with regard to risks and/or hazards to human health or the environment, taking into account relevant international standards.

Emissions registries (article 15.1)

Each Party shall take such measures as may be necessary to establish and strengthen its national infrastructures and institutions for the effective implementation of this Convention. These measures may include, among others, the establishment of national registers and databases including safety information for chemicals.

Prior informed consent for the import of dangerous chemical products (article 10)

Each Party shall transmit to the Secretariat responses with respect to each chemical listed in Annex III of the Convention. Each Party shall make its responses under this Article available to those concerned within its jurisdiction, in accordance with its legislative or administrative measures. A Party that, pursuant to the conditions of the Convention, takes a decision not to consent to import of a chemical or to consent to its import only under specified conditions shall, if it has not already done so, simultaneously prohibit or make subject to the same conditions.

Non-confidential information (article 14)

The following information shall not be regarded as confidential for the purposes of this Convention: the information referred to in Annexes I and IV (regarding information requirements for notifications made pursuant to article 5 on procedures relating to prohibited or severely restricted chemicals  and information and criteria for listing severely hazardous pesticide formulations in annex III; information contained in the safety data sheet (art. 4.12); the expiry date of the chemical; information on precautionary measures, including hazard classification, the nature of the risk and the relevant safety advice; and the summary results of the toxicological and ecotoxicological tests. The production date of the chemical shall generally not be considered confidential for the purposes of this Convention.