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Amerindian Act (No. 6 of 2006)
The Act provides for the recognition and protection of collective rights of Amerindian Villages and Communities in Guyana and the promotion of good governance. Village consultations and meetings are provided for with respect activities and projects related to mining and forestry and the establishment of protected areas.
Participation in activities and projects / Mining (Sections 48, 53 and 55)
A miner who wishes to carry out mining activities on Village lands or in any river, creek, stream or other source of water within the boundaries of the Village lands shall attend any consultations with the Village Council or Village requests and obtain the consent of at least two-thirds of those present and entitled to vote at a Village general meeting. The Guyana Geology and Mines Commission may facilitate the consultations.
If the Guyana Geology and Mines Commission intends to issue a mining permit, concession, license or other permission it shall first notify the Village and satisfy itself that the impact of mining on the Village will not be harmful.
A person who wishes to use forest produce from Village lands shall attend any consultations the Village requests and obtain the consent of at least two-thirds of those present and entitled to vote at a Village general meeting. The Guyana Forestry Commission may facilitate the consultations.
Participation in plans, policies and programmes (Section 58) / Biodiversity
No protected area may be established over the whole or part of a Village without the consent of the Village general meeting.
Participation in laws and regulations (Section 15)
A rule, and any amendment to a rule, made by a Village Council comes into effect when the Village Council has consulted the Village in general meeting and two-thirds of the members of the Village general meeting have given their approval
Active legal standing (Section 4)
Prosecutions in respect of offences under the Act shall be brought in a court of summary jurisdiction by a Toshao or by a Councillor or anyone authorized by the Village Council.