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Logo Tratado Internacional sobre los Recursos Fitogenéticos para la Alimentación y la Agricultura

Tratado Internacional sobre los Recursos Fitogenéticos para la Alimentación y la Agricultura

El Tratado Internacional sobre los Recursos Fitogenéticos fue adoptado en el 2001 durante la Trigésima Primera Sesión de la Conferencia de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Agricultura y la Alimentación. Tiene por objetivo la conservación y la utilización sostenible de los recursos fitogenéticos para la alimentación y la agricultura y la distribución justa y equitativa de los beneficios derivados de su utilización para lograr una agricultura sostenible y la seguridad alimentaria. El Tratado reconoce la significativa contribución de los agricultores a la diversidad de los cultivos que alimentan el mundo y busca proteger los conocimientos tradicionales y aumentar la participación en los procesos de adopción de decisiones de los mismos. 

Países

PaísEstado parte desde

28/02/2017

13/05/2016

05/09/2016

22/05/2006

14/01/2016

14/11/2006

16/09/2004

07/05/2004

09/07/2003

01/02/2006

31/12/2015

14/01/2004

14/03/2006

22/11/2002

13/03/2006

03/01/2003

05/06/2003

16/07/2003

27/10/2004

01/03/2006

17/05/2005

Destacados

Information (articles 13.2 and 17.1)

The Contracting Parties agree to make available information which shall, inter alia, encompass catalogues and inventories, information on technologies, results of technical, scientific and socio-economic research, including characterization, evaluation and utilization, regarding those plant genetic resources for food and agriculture under the Multilateral System. Such information shall be made available, where non-confidential, subject to applicable law and in accordance with national capabilities. Such information shall be made available to all Contracting Parties to this Treaty through the information system, provided for in Article 17.

 

The Contracting Parties shall cooperate to develop and strengthen a global information system to facilitate the exchange of information, based on existing information systems, on scientific, technical and environmental matters related to plant genetic resources for food and agriculture, with the expectation that such exchange of information will contribute to the sharing of benefits by making information on plant genetic resources for food and agriculture available to all Contracting Parties.

Participation and capacity building (article 6)

The sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture may include promoting plant breeding efforts which, with the participation of farmers, strengthen the capacity to develop varieties particularly adapted to social, economic and ecological conditions as a way to promote sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture.

3. Farmers participation rights in decision-making/ Indigenous peoples (article 9)

The Contracting Parties recognize the enormous contribution that the local and indigenous communities and farmers of all regions of the world, particularly those in the centers of origin and crop diversity, have made and will continue to make for the conservation and development of plant genetic resources which constitute the basis of food and agriculture production throughout the world.

In accordance with their needs and priorities, each Contracting Party should, as appropriate, and subject to its national legislation, take measures to protect and promote Farmers’ Rights, including: protection of traditional knowledge relevant to plant genetic resources for food and agriculture; the right to equitably participate in sharing benefits arising from the utilization of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture; and the right to participate in making decisions, at the national level, on matters related to the conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture.