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United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, in force since March 1994, has been ratified by all 33 countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. The objective of the Convention is to achieve a stabilization of the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere at a level that prevents dangerous anthropogenic interference in the climate system. The Convention provides a general framework for intergovernmental efforts to address the challenges posed by climate change.

Parties (Countries)

CountryState party since

02/02/1993

11/03/1994

29/03/1994

23/03/1994

31/10/1994

03/10/1994

28/02/1994

22/12/1994

22/03/1995

26/08/1994

05/01/1994

21/06/1993

23/02/1993

04/12/1995

11/08/1994

15/12/1995

29/08/1994

25/09/1996

19/10/1995

06/01/1995

11/03/1993

31/10/1995

23/05/1995

24/02/1994

07/06/1993

07/10/1998

07/01/1993

02/12/1996

14/06/1993

14/10/1997

24/06/1994

18/08/1994

28/12/1994

Highlights

Access to information (articles 6.a.ii and 12.10)

The Parties shall promote and facilitate at the national and, as appropriate, subregional and regional levels, Public access to information on climate change and its effects.

Subject to paragraph 9 above, and without prejudice to the ability of any Party to make public its communication at any time, the secretariat shall make communications by Parties under this Article publicly available at the time they are submitted to the Conference of the Parties.

Information Exchange and the establishment of an emissions registry (article 4)

All Parties, taking into account their common but differentiated responsibilities shall develop, periodically update, publish and make available to the Conference of the Parties, national inventories of anthropogenic emissions. Additionally, they shall formulate, implement, publish and regularly update national and, where appropriate, regional programmes containing measures to mitigate climate change. Parties shall also promote and cooperate in the full, open and prompt exchange of relevant scientific, technological, technical, socio-economic and legal information related to the climate system and climate change, and to the economic and social consequences of various response strategies.

Public participation (articles 4.1.i and 6.a.iii)

The Parties shall promote and faciliatete public participation in addressing climate change and its effects and developing adequate responses. The Parties shall also encourage the widest participation possible, including that of non-governmental organizations in education, training and public awareness related to climate change.

Environmental education and public awareness (articles 4.1.i y 6)

The Parties shall promote and facilitate the development and implementation of educational and public awareness programmes on climate change and its effects, and the training of scientific, technical and managerial personnel.