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Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer

The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of the Vienna Convention has been ratified by all 33 countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. Since its entry into force in 1989 and in response to technological advances, the Protocol has been adjusted six times and modified four. Both the Convention and the Protocol (including the four amendments) have universal participation. The Protocol’s objective is to establish limits in the production and consumption of the principal chemicals that destroy the ozone layer that protects the Earth. The Protocol also contributes to global efforts to combat climate change given that most ozone-depleting substances eliminated though the Protocol are also significant greenhouse gases.

Parties (Countries)

CountryState party since

03/12/1992

18/09/1990

04/05/1993

16/10/1992

09/01/1998

03/10/1994

19/03/1990

26/03/1990

06/12/1993

30/07/1991

14/07/1992

31/03/1993

18/05/1993

30/04/1990

02/10/1992

31/03/1993

07/11/1989

12/08/1993

29/03/2000

14/10/1993

31/03/1993

31/03/1988

05/03/1993

03/03/1989

03/12/1992

31/03/1993

10/08/1992

28/07/1993

02/12/1996

14/10/1997

28/08/1989

08/01/1991

06/02/1989

Highlights

Public awareness and information exchange (article 9)

The Parties shall co-operate in promoting, directly or through competent international bodies, the exchange of information and in promoting public awareness of the environmental effects of the emissions of controlled substances and other substances that deplete the ozone layer.

Each Party shall submit to the Secretariat a summary of the activities it has conducted pursuant to this Article every two years.

Presentation and distribution of data (articles 7 and 12)

Each Party shall provide to the Secretariat statistical data on its production, imports and exports of each of the controlled substances

The Secretariat shall prepare and distribute regularly to the Parties reports based on information received.