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Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), in force since 1975, aims to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not constitute a threat to their survival. Nearly 5,000 species of animals and 30,000 species of plants are included in the three appendices of the Convention, and therefore protected by it.

Parties (Countries)

CountryState party since

08/07/1997

08/01/1981

20/06/1979

09/12/1992

19/08/1986

06/07/1979

06/08/1975

14/02/1975

31/08/1981

30/06/1975

20/04/1990

04/08/1995

17/12/1986

11/02/1975

30/04/1987

30/08/1999

07/11/1979

27/05/1977

15/03/1985

23/04/1997

02/07/1991

06/08/1977

17/08/1978

15/11/1976

27/06/1975

14/02/1994

15/02/1982

30/11/1988

17/11/1980

19/01/1984

02/04/1975

24/10/1977

Highlights

Public information (articles VIII.6-8 y XII.2)

Each Party shall maintain records of trade in specimens of species included in Appendices and prepare periodic reports on its implementation of the present Convention and shall transmit them to the Secretariat. These reports will include an annual report containing a summary of information regarding the trade in species listed in annexes I, II and III and a biennial report on legislative, regulatory and administrative measures taken to enforce the provisions of the present Convention. This information shall be available to the public where this is not inconsistent with the law of the Party concerned.

The functions of the Secretariat shall include periodically publishing and distributing to the Parties current editions of Appendices I, II and III together with any information which will facilitate identification of specimens of species included in those Appendices.